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2016年高考英语复习备考:倒装句学习指津

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2016年高考英语复习备考:倒装句学习指津,更多2016高考资讯、2016高考报名时间、2016高考报考条件、2016高考经验等信息,请及时关注考试吧高考网或关注“566高考”微信获取相关信息!

  倒装范例引入:

  1,There are many students and teachers is our school.(全倒)

  2,What are you doing now?.(半倒)

  3,The higher we stand ,the farther we will see. (形式倒装)

  倒装定义

  出于语法和修辞目的(强调,承上启下,平衡等)的需要,把谓语的一部分或全部句子的其他成分放在主语之前,叫倒装语序。

  倒装句的种类

  {C}{C}①{C}{C}完全倒装提前部分+谓语动词+主语。

  {C}{C}②{C}{C}部分倒装提前部分+助动词+主语+谓语相当于提前部分+一般疑问句。

  {C}{C}③{C}{C}形式倒装只把强调的内容提至句首,主谓并不倒装。

  方法提炼

  掌握倒装句的关键在于记住哪些部分需要提前,分清倒装类别。熟记倒装特征与类型。做题方法:一看强调部分,二看主语单复数,三看谓语时态、语态来定助动词。

  第一类:总结全部倒装的条件

  {C}{C}1.{C}{C}句首:表示方位,方向地点或时间的副词或副词短语置于句首且主语是名词的全部倒装如:Here comes a bus . Here it comes(主语是代词的不倒装).

  Here,there,then,up,down,away,off,in the room,on the wall 等置于句首。

  {C}{C}2.{C}{C}谓语:表示静态存在或动态趋势的动词如:位于(lie)冲(rush)来(come)走(go)跑(run)升(rise)站立(stand)住(live)坐(sit)挂(hang)

  总结公式There (on the wall,in the south of …)+谓语+主语

  高考链接1. At the meeting place the Yangtze River and the Jialing River___lies_(lie) Chong Qing, one of the ten largest cities in China.

  2. John opened the door, There_stood____ (stand) a girl he had never seen before.

  3.—Is everyone here?

  —Not yet …Look, there_come____ (come) the rest of our guests.

  4. Hearing the dog barking fiercely, away___fled___ (flee) the thief.

  5, For a moment nothing happened. Then__came___ (come) the voice all shouting together.

  6. Here____are__ (be) two tickets for tonight’s concert.

  7. South of the river___lies__ (lie) a small factory.

  8. Such___was____ (be) Albert Einstein, a simple man and 20th century’s greatest scientist.

  第二类:总结部分倒装(半倒装)的条件。

  1.具有否定/半否定意义的副词或介词短语放在句首。

  Never , nor ,not ,hardly(几乎不),little ,seldom ,scarcely(几乎不),rarely(少有地),at no time(任何时候决不)in/under no circumstances ,in no case(任何情况下决不)by no means(任何方式决不)on no condition(任何条件决不)等放句首时。

  以及句式:No sooner had sb done sth than sb did sth.(一……就……)

  Hardly/scarcely had sb done when sb did sth. (一……就……)

  2.so或neither或nor表示“也/也不”

  句式So/Neither/Nor+一般疑问句

  如—You are a student

  —So am I.

  —You aren’t a teacher.

  —Neither/Nor is he.

  3. so/such… that…表示如此… 以至于…

  句式:so/such…+一般疑问句+that…

  如:He is such a good student that all his classmates admire him

  ——Such a good student is he that all his classmates admire him

  The weather is so fine that all of us want to go outing

  ——So fine is the weather that all of us want to go outing

  4.以had/were/should开头省略if的虚拟条件句

  句式had/should +主+谓

  Were+主+其他

  如If I were you(were I you),I should study hand

  If he had studied hard (Had he studied hard), he could have made great progress last term

  If it should rain (should it rain), I would stay at home

  5.only+状语(介词短语.副词和状语从句)放句首,主句需要部分倒装

  句式:only+状语+一般疑问句

  注意:only修饰主语句子不倒装

  Only after the war did he learn the sad news

  Only when he returned did we find out the truth

  Only he can answer the question

  基础训练

  1. I hardly think it possible to finish the job before dark

  Hardly______do I think_____________ it possible to finish the job before dark

  2.We shall give up under no circumstances。

  ____ Under no circumstances shall we give up_______

  3.He had no sooner taken office than he got down to carrying out reforms(改革)to the company

  ______No sooner had he taken office than……____________________________

  4.He not only makes the most of his time to study, but also take an active part in all kinds of after-class activities

  Not only ____does he_________ make the most of his time to study, but also take…

  5. He didn't stop working until he was tired out.

  Not until he was tired out __did he____ ___stop working

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