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2019年高考英语备考试题及答案(4)

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  1、

  During the Second World War, once before, the U-boats had been _____ because of air attack.

  A. in trouble

  B. in the trouble

  C. for trouble

  D. within trouble

  A

  in trouble表示“出于困境,出于险境”,是固定搭配。句意:在第二次世界大战中,潜艇曾因空袭一度陷入险境。

  2、

  The reason _____ he was late for the meeting is _____ his car broke down on the road.

  A. why; that

  B. why; because

  C. that; that

  D. for which; because

  A

  第一个空the reason跟定语从句时用why引导;后一个空是that引导的表语从句,用来陈述一个事实。

  3、

  —I knocked over my coffee cup. It went right over _____ keyboard.

  —You shouldn’t put drinks near _____ computer.

  A. the; /

  B. the; a

  C. a; /

  D. a; a

  B

  此题考查冠词的用法。根据句意,前者说“我把咖啡弄翻了,正好全洒到了键盘上”。此处,键盘肯定是特指,故排除C项和D项;而后者说“你不应该把饮料放在电脑旁边”。Computer是可数名词,此处应该加冠词,a加可数名词的单数,可指一类事物。

  4、

  Drive _____ until you come to the small town, which lies about 100 kilometers _____ London.

  A. north; to the east

  B. north; east of

  C. to north; east of

  D. to north; in the east

  B

  east和north都可以作副词,drive north=drive to the north;east of表示“在……以东”,相当于to the east of…。

  5、

  —It took me ten years to build up my business, and it almost killed me.

  —Well, you know what they say. _____.

  A. There is no smoke without fire

  B. Practice makes perfect

  C. All roads lead to Rome

  D. No pains, no gains

  D

  此题考查的是一些谚语的含义。A项意为“无风不起浪”;B项意为“熟能生巧”;C项意为“条条大路通罗马”;D项意为“不劳无获(一分耕耘一分收获)”。原句中说话者在感叹做生意难,另一个人安慰他说“一分耕耘一分收获”。

  6、

  This stadium has _____ many thrilling football games.

  A. seen

  B. watched

  C. looked at

  D. experienced

  A

  句意:在这座体育场里举行过许多激动人心的足球比赛。see表示“目睹;见证”。

  7、

  Is the hotel _____ offered you a job _____ you stayed the first time you arrived here?

  A. which; where

  B. the one; in which

  C. where; that

  D. the one that; which

  A

  要注意对本句句子成分的分析。本句改为陈述句为:The hotel _____ offered you a job is _____ you stayed…可以得知第一空缺少定语从句的引导词,该引导词在从句中作主语,故应用关系代词;第二空为表示地点的表语从句,用where引导。

  8、

  A group of American soldiers were walking along the road in Irap when a bomb was _____, three of whom were killed.

  A. set about

  B. set out

  C. set up

  D. set off

  D

  本题考查动词短语辨析。根据句子意思分析此处的含义可知,此处的动词短语应该表示“引爆”的意思。

  9、

  A new school was _____ up in the village last year.

  A. held

  B. set

  C. sent

  D. brought

  B

  考查短语动词。set up表示“建立”。

  10、

  Someone called me up in the middle of the night, but they hung up _____ I could answer the phone.

  A. as

  B. since

  C. until

  D. before

  D

  句意“在我能够接电话之前”,即“我还没来得及接电话”,故只有before才能表达此意。

  11、

  Peter’s mother kept telling him that he should give up smoking, but _____ didn’t help.

  A. he

  B. which

  C. she

  D. it

  D

  本题中因有并列连词but,故不能用关系代词which。此处it指上面那件事。

  12、

  It’s quite different from _____ I read last month.

  A. that

  B. which

  C. the one

  D. the one what

  C

  the one为代词,作from的宾语,其后省略关系代词that或which。此空也可以用what引导从句作from的宾语。

  13、

  In a room above the store, where a party __________,some workers were busily setting the table.

  【选项】

  A. was to be held

  B. has been held

  C. will be held

  D. is being held

  A

  解析:由 some workers were busily setting the table 可知聚会要被举行,同时时态为过去时,故选A。

  14、

  __________ Before they together against their common enemy in 2000,they __________ from the government.

  A. banded;have been banned

  B. have banded;had been banned

  C. banded;had been banned

  D. would band���have been banned

  C

  句意:在2000年他们联合起来反对共同敌人之前,他们已经被政府禁止。band together联合。考查一般过去时和过去完成时的被动结构。

  15、

  ——How did you like Nick’s performance last night ?

  —— To be honest ,his singing didn’t ________to be much?(安徽卷 23).

  A. appeal

  B. belong

  C. refer

  D. occur

  A

  appeal to 意为“吸引”;belong to意为“属于”;refer to意为“提到;涉及”;occur to意为“突然想到”。

  句意:她的演唱并不怎么吸引我。

  16、

  Not until he went through real hardship the love we have for our families is important.(2013.福建)

  A. had he realized

  B. did he realize

  C. he realized

  D. he had realized

  B

  not until引导句子位于句首时,主句需用部分倒装;此处仅指过去发生的动作,故用realize的一般过去式。

  17、

  Louie suddenly woke up with a start, ______ dressed in a hurry and ______ to the office.

  A. got ... dash B. got …dashed

  C. getting... dash D. get ... dash

  B

  考查时态。通过woke一般过去时所以只能选B.句意:Louie 一下子醒了,匆忙穿上衣服快速跑到办公室。

  18、

  After several years of hard work, he ______ pass the entrance exam.

  A. could B. can C. is able to D. was able to

  D

  考查时态。表示成功的做成某事要用be able to do 故AB排除,已经通过,故答案为D.

  19、

  A: How long have you been here?

  B: Not for long, only about five minutes. Alice and Monica ______ here with me.

  A. have walked B. were walking

  C. had walked D. Walked

  D

  考查时态。已到了五分钟,所以走的动作发生在过去同时这个动作也没有发生在另一个过去动作之前。故答案为D.

  20、

  Not until he went through real hardship ______ the love we have for our families is important.

  A. had he realized B. did he realize

  C. he realized D. he had realized

  B

  句意:直到他经历了真正的苦难,他才意识到我们拥有的对家庭的爱是重要的。本题考查倒装句的用法。Not until从句位于句首,主句需要部分倒装,故排除C、D两项;realize这一动作不在go through前发生,故不用过去完成时,排除A项;go through 与realize 为同时发生,故用一般过去时。综上所述,答案为B项。

  21、

  —Have you heard about that fire in the market?

  —Yes, fortunately no one __________. (2012 北京)

  A. hurt B. was hurt C. has hurt D. had been hurt

  B

  表示没有人受伤,火灾是之前发生的,幸运的是在火灾中没有人受伤,这也是过去的动作,所以用一般过去时态。受伤的“受”就是被动的意思,所以要用被动语态,这里只有B是被动语态

  22、

  The letters for the boss __________ on his desk but he didn't read them until three days later. (2012 天津)

  A. were put B. was put C. put D. has put

  A

  句意为:考查时态语态。letter“信件”和put“放”之间是被动的关系,所以排除C和D,然后因为letters是复数,所以选择A选项。句意:给老板的那些信放在他的办公桌上,但是直到三天以后他才读了那些信。

  23、

  When I saw the cars crash on the road,a frightened feeling ________ through my mind.

  A.flashed B.struck C.hit D.occurred

  A

  strike与hit都直接接宾语,不需用介词;occur需要与to连用。句意:当我看到公路上汽车相撞时,恐惧感涌上我的心头。flash在此意为“突然想到,猛然想起”。

  24、

  -Have you heard about that fire in the market?

  -Yes, fortunately no one __________.

  A. hurt

  B. was hurt

  C. has hurt

  D. had been hurt

  B

  句意:——你听说市场的那场火灾了吗?——听说了,幸好没有人受伤。句中主语no one与谓语动词之间为被动关系,故排除A项和C项。火灾发生在过去,因此选择一般过去时的被动语态,故选择B项。D项为过去完成时,表示动作发生在过去的过去,与语境时间不符。

  25、

  (2013 四川成都月考)Linda's parents died when she was a baby, and she was __________ by her aunt.

  A. turned into

  B. raised up

  C. grown up

  D. brought up

  D

  句意:琳达出生后不久便父母双亡,她是由她姑姑抚养大的。bring up抚养。

  26、

  The suggestion they all objected to __________ very effective finally.

  A. proved

  B. proving

  C. prove

  D. to prove

  A

  句意:他们都反对的那个建议最终证明是非常有效的。句中they all objected to是定语从句,修饰主语the suggestion,所以空中应填谓语动词,因为主语为单数,所以谓语应为单数形式,排除C,因此A项正确。

  27、

  It's the second time that I __________ in Shanghai ! What great changes have taken place in Shang Hai. It is ten years since I __________ it last time.

  A. have been ; left

  B. had been ; left

  C. have been ;had left

  D. went ;had left

  A

  考查时态。句意:这是我第二次来上海!上海发生了多么巨大的变化啊!自上次离开这儿已十年了。主句为It's the second time,that从句用现在完成时;在It is(has been)ten years since. . . 结构中,since后用一般过去时。

  28、

  On hearing the news of the accident in the coal mine, she __________ pale.

  A. got

  B. changed

  C. went

  D. appeared

  C

  考查动词的用法。句意:一听到煤矿事故的消息,她的脸色就变白了。go在这里是系动词,其后常跟mad,bad,wrong,hungry等形容词作表语,故答案为C。

  29、

  The athlete's years of hard training __________ when she finally won the Olympic gold medal.

  A. went on B. got through

  C. paid off D. ended up

  C

  考查动词词组辨析。句意:当这名运动员最后夺得奥运金牌的时候,她多年的刻苦训练得到了回报。pay off: (of a risky policy, course of action, etc.) bring good results, be successful, work (尤指冒风险的政策、做法等)带来好结果,成功,行得通,得到回报;A:继续;B:通过,度过,接通电话;D:结束。根据语境可知C项正确。

  30、

  Zhao Benshan, whose overwork __________ his health failure, is said to have performed in the Spring Festival Gala on CCTV in 2011.

  A. contributed to B. appealed to

  C. applied to D. owed to

  A

  句意:赵本山因过度劳累导致他的健康状况不佳,据说在2011年中央电视台的春节联欢晚会上表演了节目。contribute to贡献,促进;appeal to吸引某人;apply to适用于;owe to欠,把……归功于。

  31、

  In that country, guests usually feel that they are not highly ______ if the invitation to a dinner party is given only three or four days before the party date.

  A. regarded B. thought

  C. admired D. concerned

  A

  句意:在那个国家,赴宴会的邀请书仅在宴会前三四天收到,会让客人感到他们不被重视。regarded重视;若选B,则应用thought of, 故选A。

  32、

  She can't get down to work because she was deeply __________ by the news of his death.

  A. surprised B. affected

  C. harmed D. charged

  B

  句意:她不能着手去工作,因为她深深受到他的死讯的影响。surprise使惊奇;affect影响,感染,感动;harm伤害,危害,损害;charge使承担,指责。

  33、

  —Hi, Tory, can I use your computer for a while this afternoon?

  —Sorry. __________.

  【选项】

  A. It's repaired

  B. It has been repaired

  C. It's being repaired

  D. It had been repaired

  C

  解析:句意:“嗨,Tory, 今天下午我能用一会儿你的电脑吗? ”“真抱歉,电脑正在修理。”该句强调的是此时电脑正被维修,需用现在进行时的被动语态。

  34、

  Would you please keep silent? The weather report __________ and I want to listen.

  【选项】

  A. is broadcast

  B. is being broadcast

  C. has been broadcast

  D. had been broadcast

  B

  解析:句意:“请安静一下好吗?正在播天气预报呢,我想听听。”根据句意可知,该空考查的是现在进行时的被动语态。

  35、

  We could ask someone to do the work privately without it __________.

  A. know B. be known C. being known D. to be known

  C

  句意为:我们将请人私下做这个工作而不被其他人知道。这个题其实是在考without结构,我们可以类比with的用法 如果把它独立出来就应是:it is known但是因为用了without使它成了句子的状语,它就不能再用is形式,而应用分词形式来降级,所以把is改成being。

  36、

  A candidate for the democratic presidential nomination ______ at this moment.

  A. is interviewing B. being interviewed

  C. is being interviewed D. Interviewing

  C

  考查时态。is being interviewed.“当下一位民选总统提名候选人正在接受采访”。从at this moment看,所填必须是现在进行时态。

  37、

  They _ on the programme for almost one week before I joined them, and now we on it as no good results have come out so far.

  A. had been working; are still working

  B. had worked; were still working

  C. have worked; were still working

  D. have worked; are still working

  A

  由before引导的从句中为一般过去时可知主句应用过去完成时,且“他们工作”的动作在“我加入他们”的时候仍在进行,故用过去完成进行时;再由now一词可知后一分句用现在进行时,强调动作的持续。

  38、

  (2012 四川,11) They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house __________.

  A. is being rebuilt

  B. has been rebuilt

  C. is rebuilt

  D. has rebuilt

  A

  句意:目前,他们正和父母一起住,因为他们自己的房子正在重建中。本题考查动词的时态和语态。房子与重建之间为被动关系,故排除D项;根据句意可知,“房子正在重建之中”,故选A。

  39、

  He ___________ his friends for their help at the hotel now.

  A. entertained

  B. was entertaining

  C. is entertained

  D. is entertaining

  D

  entertain在此处意为“款待”,由“now”可知应用现在进行时。

  40、

  Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane __________.

  A. takes off

  B. is taking off

  C. has taken off

  D. took off

  B

  考查动词的时态。动词go,come,leave及词组take off等可以用现在进行时表示将要发生的动作。

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