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2019年北京高考英语真题及答案(完整版)

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第 1 页:真题
第 3 页:参考答案

2019高考真题答案热点文章 ※ 真题答案下载 ※ 对答案

  绝密★启用前

2019年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(北京卷)

英 语

  (考试时间:100分钟 试卷满分:120分)

  考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。

  考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

  第一部分:知识运用(共两节,45分)

  第一节 语法填空(共10小题:每小题1. 5分,共15分)

  阅读下列短文,根据短文内容填空,在未给提示词的空白处仅填写1个适当的单词,在给出提示词的空白处用括号内所给词的正确形式填空。

  A

  On the first day of my first grade,I stood by the door with butterflies in my stomach. I 1 (voice)my biggest concern to my mother. “How will I make friends?” She handed me advice. “Be yourself.” For the past 20 years. I have lived by these words. Soon I will graduate and become part of the real world. Nervously 2 (face) challenges. I know I will whisper to 3 (I) the two simple words “Be yourself”.

  B

  Earth Day, 4 (mark)on 22 April,is an annual event aiming to raise public awareness about environmental protection. First celebrated 5 1970,the Day now includes events in more than 190 countries and regions(地区). No matter what you like to do,there is a way to get involved in various 6 (activity) on Earth Day. You can plant a tree,make a meal with locally grown vegetables,or save power—the possibilities are endless.

  C

  Does the name of the college you attend really matter?Research on the question 7 (suggest)that,for most students,it doesn't. What students do at college seems to matter much more than 8 they go. The students benefitting most from college are those 9 are totally engaged(参与)in academic life. taking full advantage of the college’s chances and resources(资源),Students should have a proper attitude towards college before thinking about which college to attend, and it’s never too early to make necessary preparations for a healthy and 10 (meaning)college experience.

  第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Regardless of the weather or the distance, Paul Wilson will make sure low-income students in his neighbourhood arrive at their college classes on time.

  A retired engineer, 76-year-old Wilson has been 11 free rides to college students for the past eight years. Since he first started 12 his car to the young people. Wilson has 13 am astonishing 64, 000 miles, and has had countless pleasant and often humorous 14 with the students he transports to and from school. The students who he's 15 have gone on to become physicians, teachers and engineers, but what they've also got out of their time in school is finding a role model and a friend in Wilson. Some students 16 call him “Grandpa”.

  Tina Stern 17 rides from Wilson for all her four years in college, and the trips meant much more to her than just free 18 . "It's not just a ride;you're not just sitting there in 19 silence or with your headphones on.” Stern said. “He asks you questions and actually 20 the answers, so the next time you ride with him, he'll 21 those things."

  Wilson first worked as a driver through a student-support programme of the non-profit organisation. On Point for College. Although the 22 asks the members only to drive students to and from their classes, Wilson often goes 23 to ensure the welfare and safety of the students. If they have problems with registration.

  Wilson is there to 24 them. If they run out of certain daily necessities. Wilson will drive to the nearest store and purchase what's needed. If a student gets hungry on the long drives to and from school, Wilson never 25 to buy them a meal.

  For many students, Wilson's help is not only appreciated, it's also entirely 26 for them to be able to complete their college education. Some students don't have a reliable car, while others have to 27 vehicles with parents who work six days a week. For them, riding with Wilson has 28 them to complete their education — but according to Wilson, he benefits just as much from the 29 . “I just love driving and I love these kids, "Wilson said. "It's such a(n) 30 to be a part of these kids’ lives, even just for a few hours, getting to know them and hearing their stories."

  11. A. linking B. sending C. offering D. distributing

  12. A. donating B. lending C. delivering D. volunteering

  13. A. paved B. covered C. measured D. wandered

  14. A. arguments B. interviews C. negotiations D. wandered

  15. A. met B. driven C. addressed D. conversations

  16. A. even B. ever C. once D. already

  17. A. earned B. received C. assessed D. demanded

  18. A. transportation B. style C. time D. communication

  19. A. forced B. awkward C. ridiculous D. suspicious

  20. A. selects B. recites C. guesses D. remembers

  21. A. act on B. settle on C. check on D. agree on

  22. A. club B. league C. college D. programme

  23. A. far B. around C. beyond D. forwards

  24. A. assist B. watch C. urge D. warm

  25. A. expects B. attempts C. manages D. hesitates

  26. A. extra B. unusual C. necessary D. adequate

  27. A. share B. fuel C. repair D. exchange

  28. A. required B. allowed C. reminded D. convinced

  29. A. experience B. arrangement C. appreciation D. employment

  30. A. effort B. ambition C. privilege D. convenience

  第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Want to explore new cultures,meet new people and do something worthwhile at the same time? You can do all the three with Global Development Association(GDA).Whatever stage of life you're at,wherever you go and whatever project you do in GDA,you'll create positive changes in a poor and remote community(社区).

  We work with volunteers of all ages and backgrounds. Most of our volunteers are aged 17-24.Now we need volunteer managers aged 25-75.They are extremely important in the safe and effective running of our programmes. We have such roles as project managers,mountain leaders,and communication officers.

  Depending on which role you choose,you could help to increase a community's access to safe drinking water,or help to protect valuable local cultures. You might also design an adventure challenge to train young volunteers.

  Not only will you help our young volunteers to develop personally,you'll also learn new skills and increase your cultural awareness. You may have chances to meet new people who'll become your lifelong friends.

  This summer we have both 4-week and 7-week programmes:

  CountrySchedule

  4-week programmes7-week programmes

  Algeria5 Jul.- 1Aug.20Jun. -7Aug.

  Egypt24 Jul-20 Aug.19Jun.-6 Aug.

  Kenya20 Jul.-16Aug.18 Jun.-5 Aug.

  South Africa2Aug.-29 Aug.15 Jun.-2Aug.

  GDA ensures that volunteers work with community members and local project partners where our help is needed. All our projects aim to promote the development of poor and remote communities.

  There is no other chance like a GDA programme. Join us as a volunteer manager to develop your own skills while bringing benefits to the communities.

  Find out more about joining a GDA programme:

  Website:www.glodeve.org

  Email:humanresources@glodeve.org

  31.What is the main responsibility of volunteer managers?

  A. To seek local partners B .To take in young volunteers

  C. To carry out programmes D. To foster cultural awareness

  32. The programme beginning in August will operate in

  A. Egypt B. Algeria C. Kenya D. South Afria

  33.The shared goal of GDA’s projects to

  A. explore new cultures B. protect the environment

  C. gain corporate benefit D. help communities in need

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