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2019年高考英语第一轮复习习题及答案5

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2019年高考英语第一轮复习习题及答案5

  1.The next thing he saw was smoke ________ from behind the house.

  A. rose B. rising

  C. to rise D. risen

  [解析]句意:随后,他看见烟从房子后面冒出来。本题考查非谓语动词作定语,修饰 smoke,故排除A项(谓语动词);逻辑主语 smoke 与非谓语动词间为主动关系,而且动作正在进行,故答案为B项。

  [答案]B

  2.The island, ________ to the mainland by a bridge, is easy to go to.

  A. joining B. to join

  C. joined D. having joined

  [解析]句意:这个岛由一座桥和大陆连着,很容易去的。island 和 join 之间是被动关系,故需用过去分词。joined to the mainland by a bridge 相当于一个定语从句 which is joined to the mainland by a bridge。

  [答案]C

  3.Sarah pretended to be cheerful, ________ nothing about the argument.

  A. says B. said

  C. to say D. saying

  [解析]句意:Sarah 假装很高兴,没有对这次争论进行评论。分析句子结构得知,此处是分词作伴随状语,故排除A项谓语动词的形式;say 与逻辑主语 Sarah 之间是主动关系,排除表被动的B项;动词不定式作状语通常表目的或出乎意料的结果,故C项与语境不符。故选D。

  [答案]D

  4.Look over there—there's a very long, winding path ________ up to the house.

  A. leading B. leads

  C. led D. to lead

  [解析]句意:往那看——有一条很长很曲折的小路通向那所房子。现在分词短语在此作后置定语,相当于定语从句 which leads up to the house。leads 在句中作谓语;led 是 lead 的过去分词形式,与 path 构成被动关系;to lead 表示将来,均不符合句意。

  [答案]A

  5.Passengers are permitted ________ only one piece of hand luggage onto the plane.

  A. to carry B. carrying

  C. to be carried D. being carried

  [解析]句意:旅客只被允许带一件手提行李登机。permit sb.to do sth. 允许某人做某事,其被动语态为:sb. be permitted to do sth.某人被允许做某事,所以A项正确。注意 permit 的另一用法:permit doing sth.允许做某事。

  [答案]A

  6.________ into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order.

  A. Translating B. Translated

  C. To translate D. Having translated

  [解析]句意:被译成英语后,我们发现这个句子有了一个完全不同的语序。分词作状语时,其逻辑主语应和句子主语保持一致,本句中的主语 the sentence 与 translate 间为逻辑上的被动关系,故排除A、C、D三项,只有B项表示被动,故为答案。

  [答案]B

  7.On receiving a phone call from his wife______ she had a fall, Mr Gordon immediately rushed home from his office.

  A. says B. said

  C. saying D. to say

  [解析]句意:一接到妻子的电话,说她摔了一跤,戈登先生立即从他的办公室跑回家了。say 与 phone call 之间存在逻辑上的主谓关系,故用 saying 作定语。say:give information or instructions 表示(书、符号等)给出某信息或指示,又如:The book doesn't say where he was born.书上没说他是在哪里出生的。

  [答案]C

  8.Claire had her luggage ________ an hour before her plane left.

  A. check B. checking

  C. to check D. checked

  [解析]句意:Claire 在飞机起飞一小时前对行李进行了安检。本句中 luggage 与 check 为被动关系,所以用过去分词,构成 have sth.done 结构。故答案为D项。

  [答案]D

  9.More highways have been built in China, ________ it much easier for people to travel from one place to another.

  A. making B. made

  C. to make D. having made

  [解析]句意:中国又建了很多公路,这使得人们出行变得更加容易了。空格处非谓语动词逻辑上的主语是逗号前面的内容,和非谓语动词之间是主动关系,可排除B项;C项为动词不定式,通常表示目的,表出乎意料的结果时前面通常加 only 或 never,所以排除C项;make 表达的动作并非发生在谓语动词动作之前,不用完成形式,故排除D,选A,making it much easier for people to travel...=which makes it much easier for people to travel...

  [答案]A

  10.It's important for the figures ________ regularly.

  A. to be updated B. to have been updated

  C. to update D. to have updated

  [解析]句意:这些数据定期升级是很重要的。figures 与 update 之间为被动关系,故排除C项和D项;此处表示一般性动作,故排除B项,选择A项。

  [答案]A

  11.Sit down, Emma. You will only make yourself more tired, ________ on your feet.

  A. to keep B. keeping

  C. having kept D. to have kept

  [解析]句意:坐下,Emma。站着只会让你更加劳累。逻辑主语 you 与 keep 之间为主动关系,所以选择B项,现在分词作伴随状语。A、D两项为不定式,通常表示目的,所以排除;C项为现在分词的完成式,不表示伴随,故排除。

  [答案]B

  12.Tsinghua University, ________ in 1911, is home to a great number of outstanding figures.

  A. found B. founding

  C. founded D. to be founded

  [解析]句意:清华大学,创办于1911年,是许多杰出人物的母校。首先排除 found,因为 found 作“创办”讲时,为动词原形,不是非谓语动词;被修饰词 Tsinghua University 与 found (创办)为被动关系,故排除B项;C项表被动且完成;D项表将来。根据题意可知C项为正确答案。founded in 1911在句中相当于非限制性定语从句 which was founded in 1911。

  [答案]C

  13.The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable ________.

  A. held B. holding

  C. be held D. to hold

  [解析]句意:厚度和重量与先前版本的不同使得 iPad2 拿着更舒服。形容词 easy,hard,difficult,comfortable 作表语,后面需用不定式的主动形式表被动意思,故正确答案为D项。

  [答案]D

  14.Bats are surprisingly long­lived creatures, some ________ a life span of around 20 years.

  A. having B. had

  C. have D. to have

  [解析]句意:蝙蝠是一种寿命长得惊人的生物,一些蝙蝠寿命可长达约20年。题干中并没有从属连词或并列连词,设空处应为非谓语动词,故排除B、C两项;D项表示将来的动作。根据句意可知答案为A项。

  [答案]A

  15.Even the best writers sometimes find themselves ________ for words.

  A. lose B. lost

  C. to lose D. having lost

  [解析]句意:甚至连最好的作家有时也发现自己词穷(找不到好词)。(be) lost for words 表示“难以用言语表达、无以应对”。

  [答案]B

  16.If they win the final tonight, the team are going to tour around the city ________ by their enthusiastic supporters.

  A. being cheered B. be cheered

  C. to be cheered D. were cheered

  [解析]句意:如果他们今晚赢了决赛,队员们将游览全城,去接受热情的支持者的欢呼。首先排除B、D两项,这两项为谓语动词;A项表正在进行;C项表将来或目的。根据句意,答案为C项。

  [答案]C

  17. Recently a survey ________ prices of the same goods in two different supermarkets has caused heated debate among citizens.

  A. compared B. comparing

  C. compares D. being compared

  [解析]句意:最近,一项对比两家不同超市同种货物价格的调查引起了市民们的热议。C项为谓语动词的形式,故排除;survey 与 compare 之间为主动关系,故排除A、D两项,所以选择B项。

  [答案]B

  18.Tom asked the candy makers if they could make the chocolate easier ________ into small pieces.

  A. break B. breaking

  C. broken D. to break

  [解析]句意:汤姆问糖果制造商他们是否可以把巧克力制作得更容易弄碎些。be+easy/difficult/hard...后常跟不定式的主动形式表示被动意义,故答案为D项。

  [答案]D

  19.The ability ________ an idea is as important as the idea itself.

  A. expressing B. expressed

  C. to express D. to be expressed

  [解析]句意:表达观点的能力与观点本身同等重要。考查在特定语境中使用非谓语动词作定语的能力。“做某事的能力”应该表达为“the ability to do sth.”,故选C项。

  [答案]C

  20.The players ________ from the whole country are expected to bring us honor in this summer game.

  A. selecting B. to select

  C. selected D. having selected

  [解析]句意:人们期待着从全国范围内挑选出来的运动员们在今年的夏季运动会上给我们带来荣誉。select (挑选)与其逻辑主语 the players 之间为被动关系,故用过去分词,A、B、D三项是表示主动的非谓语动词形式,故排除。

  [答案]C

  21.Do you wake up every morning ________ energetic and ready to start a new day?

  A. feel B. to feel

  C. feeling D. felt

  [解析]句意:你每天早上醒来的时候都会感到精力充沛,准备开始新的一天吗?设空处前并没有连词,故判断设空处应为非谓语动词作状语,故排除A项;主语 you 和 feel (感觉)为逻辑上的主动关系,故排除D项;根据句意设空处应作伴随状语,而B项不能作伴随状语,故排除B项,故答案为C项。

  [答案]C

  22.________ around the fire, the tourists danced with the local people.

  A. Gather B. To gather

  C. Gathering D. To be gathering

  [解析]句意:那些旅行者们聚在篝火周围和当地人一起跳舞。本句没有连词,可判断本题考查非谓语动词作状语,故首先排除A项;不定式作状语且置于句首时常作目的状语,不符合句意,故排除B、D两项;本题设空处作伴随状语,只有C项符合要求。

  [答案]C

  23.More TV programs,according to government officials, will be produced ________ people's concern over food safety.

  A. to raise B. raising

  C. to have raised D. having raised

  [解析]句意:根据政府官员的说法,将创作更多的电视节目以提高人们对食品安全的关注。根据句意可知本题考查非谓语动词作目的状语,故排除B、D两项,因为这两项不能用作目的状语;尽管C项也为不定式,但不定式的完成式也不能作目的状语,也被排除。故选A。

  [答案]A

  24.Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself ________ of his own dreams.

  A. reminding B. to remind

  C. reminded D. remind

  [解析]句意:迈克尔把姚明的画像挂在床边,目的是提醒自己记住自己的梦想。宾语 himself 与 remind 为逻辑上的被动关系,故答案为C项。

  [答案]C

  25.Lydia doesn't feel like ________ abroad. Her parents are old.

  A. study B. studying

  C. studied D. to study

  [解析]句意:Lydia 不想出国读书。因为她的父母都老了。这里用固定搭配 feel like doing sth.表示“想要做某事”,只有B项现在分词形式符合搭配。

  [答案]B

  26.Simon made a big bamboo box ________ the little sick bird till it could fly.

  A. keep B. kept

  C. keeping D. to keep

  [解析]句意:Simon 做了一个大的竹盒子,用来装那只生病的小鸟,直到它能飞翔。从语境看,这里用不定式作目的状语,因此选D。

  [答案]D

  27._______ an important role in a new movie, Andy has got a chance to become famous.

  A. Offer B. Offering

  C. Offered D. To offer

  [解析]句意:Andy 被提供了在一部新影片里扮演一个重要的角色的机会,他有机会出名了。动词 offer 与句子主语是逻辑上的被动关系,用过去分词作状语表示被动和已经发生的动作。

  [答案]C

  28.It's no use ________ without taking any action.

  A. complain B. complaining

  C. being complained D. to be complained

  [解析]句意:不采取行动而只是抱怨是没有用的。It's no use doing 是固定句式,所以B为正确答案。

  [答案]B

  29.The rare fish, ________ from the cooking pot, has been returned to the sea.

  A. saved B. saving

  C. to be saved D. having saved

  [解析]句意:那条罕见的鱼已被放回到海中,它是被从烧锅里救出来的。fish 和选项中非谓语动词之间是逻辑上的被动关系,故排除B和D两项;A项过去分词表被动和完成,C项不定式表将来的动作,由语境可知A为正确答案。

  [答案]A

  30.At one point I made up my mind to talk to Uncle Sam. Then I changed my mind, ________ that he could do nothing to help.

  A. to realize B. realized

  C. realizing D. being realized

  [解析]句意:我曾经下决心要和 Sam 叔叔谈谈。可后来我改变了想法,意识到他根本帮不上忙。空格处非谓语动词和逻辑主语 I 之间是主动关系,可排除表被动的B和D两项;A项不定式通常表目的,在此不符合语境,也被排除。此题中用现在分词作伴随状语,表原因。

  [答案]C

  31.Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing...but we seem ________ the art of communicating face -to- face.

  A. losing B. to be losing

  C. to be lost D. having lost

  [解析]句意:现在我们有聊天室,能传递文本信息,还可发电子邮件……但是我们似乎正在失去面对面交流的技能。seem 后通常用动词不定式,排除A和D两项;此处非谓语动词后有名词 the art of communicating face­to­face 作其宾语,所以排除C项(被动形式),故选B。

  [答案]B

  32.Mrs White showed her students some old maps ________ from the library.

  A. to borrow B. to be borrowed

  C. borrowed D. borrowing

  [解析]句意:怀特老师把从图书馆借来的几张旧地图展示给学生看。the map 和 borrow 之间是逻辑上的被动关系,而且表示已经发生的动作,因此用过去分词作定语。

  [答案]C

  33.With Father's Day around the corner, I have taken some money out of the bank ________ presents for my dad.

  A. buy B. to buy

  C. buying D. to have bought

  [解析]句意:父亲节就要到了,我已经从银行取了些钱出来准备给爸爸买些礼物。从语境看,本空在句中作目的状语,用不定式,因此A的动词原形,C的现在分词,D的不定式完成式都不符合句意。

  [答案]B

  34.I have a lot of readings ________ before the end of this term.

  A. completing B. to complete

  C. completed D. being completed

  [解析]句意:本学期结束前我有许多阅读要完成。have sth. to do 有某事要做,to do 的逻辑主语需和主句主语一致;当不定式的逻辑主语与主句主语不一致时,可用 have sth. to be done 结构。

  [答案]B

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