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2019年高考英语第一轮复习习题及答案17

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2019年高考英语第一轮复习习题及答案17

  1. With new technology, pictures of underwater valleys can be taken ________ colour.

  A. by B. for

  C. with D. in

  [解析]句意:有了新技术,水下山谷的图片可以从颜色方面被拍摄。by 经由,通过;for 为了,对于;with 随着,带有;in 在……方面。

  [答案]D

  2. I always wanted to do the job which I'd been trained ________.

  A. on B. for

  C. by D. of

  [解析]句意:我一直想干我为之接受过培训的工作。be trained for sth.“为……接受培训”。其他三项不符合题目要求。

  [答案]B

  3.________ good service, the restaurant offers different kinds of traditional Fujian dishes.

  A. Far from B. Apart from

  C. Instead of D. Regardless of

  [解析]句意:除了好的服务外,这家餐馆还提供不同种类的传统福建美食。far from 离……远;远非;apart from 除……之外(还);instead of 代替,而不是;regardless of 不管。由句意可知B项正确。

  [答案]B

  4.He was a good student and scored ________ average in most subjects.

  A. below B. of

  C. on D. above

  [解析]below average 在平均水平以下;on average 平均来说;above average 在平均水平以上。由 he was a good student 可知D项正确。句意:他是一个好学生,大部分科目得分都在平均水平以上。

  [答案]D

  5.Sometimes proper answers are not far to seek ________ food safety problems.

  A. in B. to

  C. on D. after

  [解析]句意:有时,关于食品安全问题的答案不难找到。介词短语 to food safety problems 修饰 answers。answer 常与介词 to 搭配,意为“……的答案”。

  [答案]B

  6.We'd better discuss everything ________ before we work out the plan.

  A. in detail B. in general

  C. on purpose D. on time

  [解析]句意:我们最好详细地把一切讨论一下之后再制定计划。in detail 详细地;in general 一般说来;on purpose 故意地;on time 准时。由句意可知A项正确。

  [答案]A

  7.Shirley, a real book lover, often brings home many books to read ________ the library.

  A. in B. for

  C. by D. from

  [解析]句意:雪莉,一个真正的图书爱好者,经常从图书馆往家带书看。bring sth. from sp.“从某个地方带……”,符合句意。故D项正确。

  [答案]D

  8. When asked about their opinions about the schoolmaster, many teachers would prefer to see him step aside ________ younger men.

  A. in terms of B. in need of

  C. in favour of D. in praise of

  [解析]本题考查介词短语。句意:当被问起对于校长的看法时,许多老师更愿意校长给年轻点的人让位。in favour of 意为“支持,有利于”,同 step aside 搭配起来意为“给……让位”。

  [答案]C

  9.Nick, it's good for you to read some books ________ China before you start your trip there.

  A. in B. for

  C. of D. on

  [解析]句意:尼克,在你启程去那里之前,读一读关于中国的书比较好。on China“关于中国方面的”,即书的内容是介绍中国情况的。而 of China 则可能表示“来自中国的”或“中国出版的”等意思。故答案为D。

  [答案]D

  10.I'm sorry I didn't phone you, but I've been very busy ________ the past couple of weeks.

  A. beyond B. with

  C. among D. over

  [解析]句意:对不起,我没给你打电话,但是在过去的几周里我一直很忙。beyond超过,超出;在(向)……的那一边;with 与,和;具有;among 在……之间;over 在此表示“在……期间,经过(一段)时间”。

  [答案]D

  11.Tired, Jim was fast asleep with his back ________ a big tree.

  A. in B. below

  C. beside D. against

  [解析]句意:因为很劳累了,Jim 背靠着一棵大树,熟睡着。in 在……里面;below 在……下面;beside 在……旁边;against 顶着,倚着;反对,符合句意。

  [答案]D

  12.So far we have done a lot to build a low­carbon economy, but it is ________ ideal. We have to work still harder.

  A. next to B. far from

  C. out of D. due to

  [解析]句意:到目前为止,我们已做了许多来创建一种低碳经济,但是离理想的还差得很远。我们还要更加努力地工作。A项表示“紧邻,在……近旁”;B项表示“远非;几乎相反”;C项表示“从……出来;脱离”;D项表示“由于”。根据句意可知选B。

  [答案]B

  13.I guess we've already talked about this before but I'll ask you again just ________.

  A. by nature B. in return

  C. in case D. by chance

  [解析]句意:我猜我们以前早就谈论过这件事了,以防万一我还要再问问你。by nature 天生地;in return 作为回报;in case 以防万一; by chance 偶然地。

  [答案]C

  14. We give enough time, space and love we can spare, and ________, dogs give us their all.

  A. in all B. in fact

  C. in short D. in return

  [解析]句意:我们把能给予的时间、空间和爱都花在狗身上,作为回报,狗也向我们奉献出一切。in all 总共;in fact 事实上;in short 简言之;in return 作为回报,符合句意。

  [答案]D

  15.More and more high­rise buildings have been built in big cities ________ space.

  A. in search of B. in place of

  C. for lack of D. for fear of

  [解析]句意:因为缺乏空间,在大城市建起了越来越多的高层建筑。A项是“寻找”;B项是“代替”;C项是“因缺乏……”;D项是“唯恐,以免”。由句意知C项为正确答案。

  [答案]C

  16.It is illegal for a public official to ask people for gifts or money ________ favours to them.

  A. in preference to B. in exchange for

  C. in place of D. in agreement with

  [解析]句意:公务员以为人们做好事作为交换向人们要礼物或金钱是违法的。in preference to 优先于;in place of 代替;in agreement with 与……相一致;in exchange for 交换,符合句意。

  [答案]B

  17.Would you mind not picking the flowers in the garden? They are ________ everyone's enjoyment.

  A. in B. at

  C. for D. to

  [解析]句意:别采花园里的花好吗?这些花是供大家观赏的。for enjoyment“供观赏”,介词 for 表示目的。

  [答案]C

  18.I agree to his suggestion ________ the condition that he drops all charges.

  A. by B. in

  C. on D. to

  [解析]句意:我同意他的建议,条件是他降低所有费用。on condition that“条件是”,引导条件状语从句。

  [答案]C

  19.Nowadays some hospitals refer to patients ________ name, not case number.

  A. of B. as

  C. by D. with

  [解析]句意:现在一些医院提到病人时用名字而不是病例编号。by name“凭名字”为固定搭配,符合句意。

  [答案]C

  20.My father warned me ________ going to the West Coast because it was crowded with tourists.

  A. by B. on

  C. for D. against

  [解析]句意:我父亲警告我不要去西海岸因为游客太多太挤。warn sb. against doing sth.“警告某人不要干某事”为固定搭配,故D项正确。

  [答案]D

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